How To Explain The Composition Of The Number To Children?

The modern school curriculum makes future first-graders quite high demands. By the start of schooling, children should already know and be able to do much of what the older generation only encountered in school. This can be said about the composition of numbers. The child should be able to decompose numbers from 1 to 10 into two smaller numbers. This skill will help him in the future easily and quickly learn the simplest arithmetic operations – addition and subtraction. Therefore, knowledge of the composition of numbers is the foundation on which further training in mathematics will be built.

The need for serious preparation of a child for school often raises many questions among parents: how to explain this difficult topic to their child, when and where to start? In fact, it is not as difficult as it might seem at first. The main thing is to follow the recommendations and be patient because this process takes time.

When To Start Studying The Composition Of The Number

The most suitable age for immersion in the subject of composition of numbers is six years, the time of preparation for school. But in some cases, it is quite appropriate to start studying the composition of small numbers earlier. It all depends on the individual characteristics of the child and the base that he already owns, namely:

  • the skill of oral counting (in other words, you need to be able to assign a serial number to any subjects);
  • the skill of verbal counting in the reverse order;
  • knowledge of the graphic image of numbers (remember how they look visually and easy to recognize);
  • as an advantage, the ability to record a number yourself.
  • The development of the composition of the number should proceed after fixing the above skills in order to avoid difficulties and misunderstandings. So, you need to start by studying the numbers from 1 to 10.

Mastering The Numbers

The topic of studying numbers can be conditionally divided into two components: storing a sequence (1, 2, 3, …….. 9, 10) and a graphic (visual) image.

As a rule, children memorize a sequence of numbers much faster. When an adult often speaks it, while simultaneously pointing at some objects, the child quickly memorizes the names of numbers and their order by ear, begins to repeat the same actions, and thus learns to count. However, there are many exercises to speed up and consolidate the skill.

It is necessary to offer the child to consider everything that surrounds him during the day: steps in the porch, pigeons in the yard, pencils in the pencil case, cars in the parking lot, buttons on clothes, people in the queue to the cashier, and so on. The more often a child does this, the faster the information will fit into his memory, and an understanding of the relationship between a number (its name) and a specific amount will appear.

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